Hanoi A Blend Of Conquerors And Influences
"Dawn bleeds with the people here and morning skies are red
As young girls load up bicycles with flowers for the dead."
American singer-songwriter and anti-war campaigner Joan Baez wrote these words in Hanoi in December 1972 as American B52s pounded the Vietnamese capital with 20,000 tons of explosives.
US President Richard Nixon was infuriated by a stalemate with North Vietnam after eight years of fighting Communism in the country.
Operation Linebacker II was his answer - the largest heavy bomber strike launched by the US Air Force since the end of the Second World War. While the world was celebrating Christmas, the raids over Hanoi and nearby Haiphong left 1600 civilians dead.
Huddled with petrified locals in a bunker underneath the capital's Grand Hotel Metropole, Baez recorded her song, Where Are You Now, My Son?
"Oh people of the shelters what a gift you've given me
To smile at me and quietly let me share your agony
And I can only bow in utter humbleness and ask
Forgiveness and forgiveness for the things we've brought to pass."
As I stand in the dark, concrete confines under the hotel, I try to imagine those tour hạ long 2 ngày 1 đêm, loud nights almost half a century ago.
Up to 40 terrified people bundled together in here, listening to Baez singing.
Today's Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi offers daily tours to its excavated underground shelters, only rediscovered in 2011 during renovations. I'm struck by the lack of malice towards the US by our local guide and the Vietnamese in general.
They look back in peace but are far more focused on the future.
It wasn't the first time the Metropole had offered solace in wartime. During the First World War, it provided monthly music entertainment (with proceeds going to war widows and orphans); during the Second, it was said to be the last remaining place in Hanoi offering clean sheets and a decent cognac and soda, bridging the city's frequent power cuts with its diesel generator.
At times, the hotel has also housed Vietnam's invaders; since opening in 1901, it has been under French, Japanese and Chinese occupation.
Since the end of the "American War", it has been a haven of luxury and peace.
Just weeks before I arrived in June, the hotel welcomed President Donald Trump and North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un for a two-day summit (their entree, foie gras apple compote, is still on the menu).
Renovated in 2009, the Metropole still revels in old-world elegance.
It still serves up fine French food in Le Beaulieu restaurant, as well as Vietnamese fare in Spices Garden and Italian in Angelina. A melange of travellers, locals and guests sip cocktails at the poolside Bamboo Bar, or chat over coffee on the Terrasse under spinning bamboo ceiling fans whipping up the humid air.
In the cosy salon de conversation, they relax on comfy sofas with a whisky or book in hand. The design is classic French, with touches of Vietnamese style.
Much like Hanoi itself.
The Metropole is nestled in the city's Old Quarter, where bakeries serve up baguettes and croissants, the locals love a good coffee, and narrow buildings with long, shuttered windows open up onto elegant balconies.
Hanoi became the capital of French Indochina one year after the Metropole opened.
In 1905, there were around 2,660 French civilians living in the city.
But Vietnam has long reconquered Hanoi, its frenzied streets roaring with motorbikes seeming to make up time previously wasted to war. The Communists may still be in charge but the country's economy is resolutely capitalist.
Today the Old Quarter buzzes with knock-off merchants, street food stalls and craft beer terraces. Farmers hawk produce, the older generation practice tai chi at dawn and everybody stops at the day's end for tea and noodles.
Hanoi has always been a hub for travellers too, passing through on their way to Halong Bay.
(These days there are more Australians here than ever, thanks to direct Jetstar flights to Vietnam from Sydney.) Designated a World Heritage Site in 1994, Halong Bay is northern Vietnam's number one tourist destination: 1550km2 of emerald waters housing close to 2000 towering limestone pillars and tiny islets, topped with thick jungle.
While the Metropole offered a safe haven in wartime - and now a five-star sanctuary from bustling Hanoi, Halong Bay seems to present a peaceful escape from daily life.
I stand in the sun on the deck of Paradise Luxury run by Paradise Cruises, the most decadent fleet in the bay, and breathe out as we drift past lush islands dotted with wave- and wind-eroded grottoes.
Despite its beauty, this place is suffering from its own form of colonisation. Every day over 5000 tourists take cruises through Halong Bay, polluting it with oil and waste.
While the steep karsts buzz with the hum of nature, unaffected and uninhabited by human presence, the waters are losing their sparkle.
There used to be seven villages in Halong Bay; now there are two. Water too polluted for fishing and kids missing out on school were two of the drivers behind decisions to close them.
During our two days in the bay we visit Tung Sau Pearl Farm, where pearls of the bay's oysters are used to create a vast array of jewellery.
We visit Sung Sot Cave, the bay's largest, discovered by French explorers in the early 1900s and where dripping rainwater over ages has formed incredible stalactites and stalagmites. We hike up the hill of Soi Sim Island to enjoy panoramic views of Halong Bay before taking a dip in its warm waters.
From my ocean bath I gaze at the immense limestone domes.
They've stood for millions of years, their grandeur making Vietnam's long list of invasions seem petty.
But each conqueror of this enticing country has left its mark, just as tourists do today, in ways good and bad. And all these layers of influence seem only to have strengthened the Vietnamese with resilience, ambition and pride.
IF YOU GO
GETTING THERE: Jetstar operates three flights per week between Sydney and Ho Chi Minh City, from $A279 one way (conditions apply).
Jetstar Pacific operates domestic flights within Vietnam, with flights from HCMC to Hanoi taking just over two hours. For more info, website
Halong Bay is around 100km from Hanoi or kynghidongduong.vn two and a half hours by car.
STAYING THERE: Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi has rooms starting from around $US270 ($A385) per night.
For more info, website
Paradise Cruises offers a night aboard Paradise Luxury in Halong Bay from $US539 ($A770) for flexible rate and $A341 ($A487) for early bird booking (meals and activities included). For more info, website
The writer travelled as a guest of Jetstar, Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi and Paradise Cruises.